Scientific Integrity 3rd Edition

Scientific Integrity  3rd Edition
Author:
Publsiher: ASM Press
Total Pages: 428
Release:
Genre:
ISBN: 1555816479

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Scientific Integrity

Scientific Integrity
Author: Francis L. Macrina
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2014-07-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1683673514

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This widely adopted textbook provides the essential content and skill-building tools for teaching the responsible conduct of scientific research. Scientific Integrity covers the breadth of concerns faced by scientists: protection of animal and human experimental subjects, scientific publication, intellectual property, conflict of interest, collaboration, record keeping, mentoring, and the social and ethical responsibilities of scientists. Learning activities and resources designed to elucidate the principles of Scientific Integrity include Dozens of highly relevant, interactive case studies for discussion in class or online Numerous print and online resources covering the newest research guidelines, regulations, mandates and policies Discussion questions, role-playing exercises, and survey tools to promote critical thought Documents including published rules of conduct, sample experimentation protocols, and patent applications The new edition of Scientific Integrity responds to significant recent changes—new mandates, policies, laws, and other developments—in the field of responsible conduct of research. Dr. Macrina plants the seeds of awareness of existing, changing, and emerging standards in scientific conduct and provides the tools to promote critical thinking in the use of that information. Scientific Integrity is the original turnkey text to guide the next generations of scientists as well as practicing researchers in the essential skills and approaches for the responsible conduct of science.

Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences

Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences
Author: Linda C. Gundersen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-10-17
Genre: Education
ISBN: 1119067650

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Science is built on trust. The assumption is that scientists will conduct their work with integrity, honesty, and a strict adherence to scientific protocols. Written by geoscientists for geoscientists, Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences acquaints readers with the fundamental principles of scientific ethics and shows how they apply to everyday work in the classroom, laboratory, and field. Resources are provided throughout to help discuss and implement principles of scientific integrity and ethics. Volume highlights include: Examples of international and national codes and policies Exploration of the role of professional societies in scientific integrity and ethics References to scientific integrity and ethics in publications and research data Discussion of science integrity, ethics, and geoethics in education Extensive coverage of data applications Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences is a valuable resource for students, faculty, instructors, and scientists in the geosciences and beyond. It is also useful for geoscientists working in industry, government, and policymaking. Read an interview with the editors to find out more: https://eos.org/editors-vox/ethics-crucial-for-the-future-of-the-geosciences

Scientific Integrity and Transparency Reforms at the Environmental Protection Agency

Scientific Integrity and Transparency Reforms at the Environmental Protection Agency
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Oversight
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 125
Release: 2015
Genre: Electronic books
ISBN:

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Integrity of Scientific Research

Integrity of Scientific Research
Author: Joel Faintuch
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 587
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic books
ISBN: 3030996808

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This book provides a scientific and ethical approach to all forms of fraud and misconduct focusing on a scholarly however practice-oriented description of the problems, roots and potential solutions. Organized in dedicated parts, an international team of experts systematically analyzes the most prevalent forms of misconduct, ghost writing, pseudo-science, dubious trials, predatory journals, fake news, mistreatment and harassment, in research, publications, at academic institutions, and in the professional and healthcare environment. A special focus is given to corrective interventions and the role of prevention, education and training. Comprehensive in its scope, the book offers an easy-to-read overview along with a number of real cases for experienced and novice personnel alike. The significance of scientific integrity and research ethics increased during the last couple of years and ethic committees and offices have become an integral part at universities, hospitals, research institutions, government agencies and major private organizations all over the world. Thus, this book provides an indispensable, comprehensive overview across disciplines and for everybody working in research and affiliated institutions.

Integrity in Scientific Research

Integrity in Scientific Research
Author: National Research Council
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 217
Release: 2002-11-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0309084792

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"Many people say that it is the intellect which makes a great scientist. They are wrong: it is character."-Albert Einstein Integrity in Scientific Research attempts to define and describe those elements that encourage individuals involved with scientific research to act with integrity. Recognizing the inconsistency of human behavior, it stresses the important role that research institutions play in providing an integrity-rich environment, citing the need for institutions to provide staff with training and education, policies and procedures, and tools and support systems. It identifies practices that characterize integrity in such areas as peer review and research on human subjects and weighs the strengths and limitations of self-evaluation efforts by these institutions. In addition, it details an approach to promoting integrity during the education of researchers, including how to develop an effective curriculum. Providing a framework for research and educational institutions, this important book will be essential for anyone concerned about ethics in the scientific community.

Promoting Research Integrity in a Global Environment

Promoting Research Integrity in a Global Environment
Author: Tony Mayer
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2012
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9814340987

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The World Conferences on Research Integrity provide a forum for an international group of researchers, research administrators from funding agencies and similar bodies. The second such conference, held in Singapore in July 2010. This volume brings together a selection of presentations and key guidelines and statements emerging from the Conference.

Quantifying Research Integrity

Quantifying Research Integrity
Author: Michael Seadle
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 121
Release: 2022-05-31
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 3031023064

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Institutions typically treat research integrity violations as black and white, right or wrong. The result is that the wide range of grayscale nuances that separate accident, carelessness, and bad practice from deliberate fraud and malpractice often get lost. This lecture looks at how to quantify the grayscale range in three kinds of research integrity violations: plagiarism, data falsification, and image manipulation. Quantification works best with plagiarism, because the essential one-to-one matching algorithms are well known and established tools for detecting when matches exist. Questions remain, however, of how many matching words of what kind in what location in which discipline constitute reasonable suspicion of fraudulent intent. Different disciplines take different perspectives on quantity and location. Quantification is harder with data falsification, because the original data are often not available, and because experimental replication remains surprisingly difficult. The same is true with image manipulation, where tools exist for detecting certain kinds of manipulations, but where the tools are also easily defeated. This lecture looks at how to prevent violations of research integrity from a pragmatic viewpoint, and at what steps can institutions and publishers take to discourage problems beyond the usual ethical admonitions. There are no simple answers, but two measures can help: the systematic use of detection tools and requiring original data and images. These alone do not suffice, but they represent a start. The scholarly community needs a better awareness of the complexity of research integrity decisions. Only an open and wide-spread international discussion can bring about a consensus on where the boundary lines are and when grayscale problems shade into black. One goal of this work is to move that discussion forward.

Guidelines for Scientific Integrity

Guidelines for Scientific Integrity
Author: Midwest Nursing Research Society
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 10
Release: 1996
Genre: Nursing
ISBN:

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Research Methods Pedagogy Engaging Psychology Students in Research Methods and Statistics

Research Methods Pedagogy  Engaging Psychology Students in Research Methods and Statistics
Author: Lynne Roberts
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2016-11-09
Genre: Electronic book
ISBN: 2889450104

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Research methods and statistics are central to the development of professional competence and evidence based psychological practice. (Noun, masculine) research on the development of psychological literacy. Despite this, many psychology students express little interest in, and in some cases of active dislike of, learning research methods and statistics. This ebook brings together current research, innovative evidence-based practice, and critical discourse.

Fostering Integrity in Research

Fostering Integrity in Research
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2017-12-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0309391288

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The integrity of knowledge that emerges from research is based on individual and collective adherence to core values of objectivity, honesty, openness, fairness, accountability, and stewardship. Integrity in science means that the organizations in which research is conducted encourage those involved to exemplify these values in every step of the research process. Understanding the dynamics that support â€" or distort â€" practices that uphold the integrity of research by all participants ensures that the research enterprise advances knowledge. The 1992 report Responsible Science: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process evaluated issues related to scientific responsibility and the conduct of research. It provided a valuable service in describing and analyzing a very complicated set of issues, and has served as a crucial basis for thinking about research integrity for more than two decades. However, as experience has accumulated with various forms of research misconduct, detrimental research practices, and other forms of misconduct, as subsequent empirical research has revealed more about the nature of scientific misconduct, and because technological and social changes have altered the environment in which science is conducted, it is clear that the framework established more than two decades ago needs to be updated. Responsible Science served as a valuable benchmark to set the context for this most recent analysis and to help guide the committee's thought process. Fostering Integrity in Research identifies best practices in research and recommends practical options for discouraging and addressing research misconduct and detrimental research practices.

Research Design in Clinical Psychology

Research Design in Clinical Psychology
Author: Alan E. Kazdin
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 583
Release: 2021-08-05
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 1108995217

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A thorough guide to research design from a world-renowned clinical and child psychologist.

Bioethics and the Future of Stem Cell Research

Bioethics and the Future of Stem Cell Research
Author: Insoo Hyun
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 239
Release: 2013-06-24
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0521768691

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This book provides a sophisticated yet accessible account of emerging trends in stem cell research and their accompanying ethical issues.

The Right to Science

The Right to Science
Author: Helle Porsdam
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages:
Release: 2021-11-30
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 1108801935

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That everyone has a human right to enjoy the benefits of the progress of science and its applications comes as a surprise to many. Nevertheless, this right is pertinent to numerous issues at the intersection of science and society: open access; 'dual use' science; access to ownership and dissemination of data, knowledge, methods and the affordances and applications thereof; as well as the role of international co-operation, human dignity and other human rights in relation to science and its products. As we advance towards superintelligence, quantum computing, drone swarms, and life-extension technology, serious policy decisions will be made at the national and international levels. The human right to science provides an ideal tool to do so, backed up as it is by international law, political heft, and normative weight. This book is the first sustained attempt at turning this wonder of foresight into an actionable and justiciable right. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing

Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing
Author: A.Yavuz Oruc
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 247
Release: 2011-10-25
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 1439869189

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Investigators, their home institutions, and funding agencies play significant roles in the development and outcomes of scientific projects. Submitting a proposal to a funding agency is only one dimension of a multivariable and complex funding process, and understanding this is a good first step toward unlocking the puzzle behind why some research proposals receive awards while others are declined. The Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing offers researchers and research administrators a broad perspective on the process of initiating and conducting funded scientific research projects. Written for students and researchers in all fields and disciplines, this reference offers a holistic approach to conceiving and then converting new ideas into effective proposals. It focuses on the technical aspects of writing proposals rather than the fund-raising issues. Chapters provide full coverage of the scientific method, including information on how scientific research should be conducted. Providing the tools necessary to organize ideas and obtain the funds needed to effectively manage projects, the Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing includes: 56 figures and 25 tables to help convey key ideas More than 150 citations that provide pointers to additional sources for further reading Examples to help the reader ease through more abstract concepts End-of-chapter questions to stimulate further examination and comprehension

Forensic Fraud

Forensic Fraud
Author: Brent E. Turvey
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2013-03-18
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 0124080588

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Forensic Fraud is the culmination of 12 years of research by author Brent E. Turvey. A practicing forensic scientist since 1996, Turvey has rendered this first of its kind study into the widespread problem of forensic fraud in the United States. It defines the nature and scope of the problem, the cultural attitudes and beliefs of those involved, and establishes clear systemic contributors. Backed up by scrupulous research and hard data, community reforms are proposed and discussed in light of the recently published National Academy of Sciences report on forensic science. An adaptation of Dr. Turvey’s doctoral dissertation, this volume relentlessly cites chapter and verse in support of its conclusions that law enforcement cultural and scientific values are incompatible, and that the problem of forensic fraud is systemic in nature. It begins with an overview of forensic fraud as a sub-type of occupational fraud, it explores the extent of fraud in both law enforcement and scientific employment settings, it establishes and then contrasts the core values of law enforcement and scientific cultures and then it provides a comprehensive review of the scientific literature regarding forensic fraud. The final chapters present data from Dr. Turvey’s original research into more than 100 fraudulent examiners between 2000 and 2010, consideration of significant findings, and a review of proposed reforms to the forensic science community based on what was learned. It closes with a chapter on the numerous crime lab scandals, and closures that occurred between 2010 and 2012 – an update on the deteriorating state of the forensic science community in the United States subsequent to data collection efforts in the present research. Forensic Fraud is intended for use as a professional reference manual by those working in the criminal system who encounter the phenomenon and want to understand its context and origins. It is intended to help forensic scientist and their supervisors to recognize, manage and expel it; to provide policy makers with the necessary understaffing for acknowledging and mitigating it; and to provide agents of the courts with the knowledge, and confidence, to adjudicate it. It is also useful for those at the university level seeking a strong secondary text for courses on forensic science, law and evidence, or miscarriages of justice. First of its kind overview of the cultural instigators of forensic fraud First of its kind research into the nature and impact of forensic fraud, with data (2000-2010) First of its kind typology of forensic fraud, for use in future case examination in research Numerous profiles of forensic fraudsters Review of major crime lab scandals between 2010 and 2012

Latin American Perspectives on Scientific Research

Latin American Perspectives on Scientific Research
Author: Fernando Lolas
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2019-10-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1527542335

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This collection of papers presents case studies and reflections on research bioethics from the standpoint of two Latin American academics involved in the teaching and dissemination of good practices and essential information on bioethics and various related topics. While limited in scope to a few key issues, the text may be read as an inspiration to comparative analyses of research practices involving human subjects and as an example of the reception of fundamental ideas on science and technology adopted in the Latin American region after their development in other areas of the globe.